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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 82 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王麗雲(2002)•等待心臟移植患者自我照顧行為、希望與社會支持之相關性探討•未發表的碩士論文,台北:台北醫學院護理學研究所。
  2. 李啟明(2005)•心臟衰竭•當代醫學,32(4),266-276。
  3. 林敏玲、邱艷芬(2001)•花蓮地區心臟衰竭病患對疾病認知、態度及自我照顧行為相關性之探討•慈濟醫學,13(1),57-64。
  4. 黃柏勳 (2006 年10月) •ACC/AHA 2005 guideline update for the diagnosis and management of chronic heart failure in the adult part I/II•中華民國心臟學會雜誌會訊2006年10月號。
  5. 葉湘芬、邵榮華(2010)•心臟衰竭老人飲食自我效能與自我管理行為之探討•志為護理9(4),96-107。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 謝雲涵(2016)。心臟衰竭病人患病表徵與自我照顧行為之相關性研究。成功大學護理學系學位論文。2016。1-137。
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