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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 49 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Ashworth, G. J. (1989). Urban tourism:an imbalance in attention. In C. P. Cooper (Ed.), Progress in tourism, recreation and hospitality management (Vol. 1, pp. 33-54). London: Belhaven.
  2. Daniel, A. C. M., & Ramos, F. F. R. (2002). Modelling inbound international tourism demand to Portugal. International Journal of Tourism Research, 4, 193-209.
  3. Digance, J. (2003). Pilgrimage at contested sites. Annals of Tourism Research, 30(1), 143-159.
  4. Eade, J. (1992). Pilgrim and tourism at lourdes,France. Annals of Tourism Research, 19, 18-32.
  5. González, R. C. L., & Medina, J. S. (2003). Cultural tourism and urban management in northwestern Spain:the pilgrimage to Santiago de Compostela. Tourism Geographies, 5(4), 446-460.
Times Cited (8) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳惠君(2010)。刻板印象影響遊客對香客大樓住宿意圖之研究。高雄餐旅學院餐飲管理研究所學位論文。2010。1-142。 
  2. 黃爾晧(2012)。鏡中桃花源—北投溫泉博物館觀光吸引力之研究。臺灣大學建築與城鄉研究所學位論文。2012。1-145。 
  3. 黃瓊慧(2007)。艋舺龍山寺空間的實踐與競逐。臺灣師範大學地理學系學位論文。2007。1-144。
  4. 呂建鋒(2008)。台北市大稻埕霞海城隍廟遶境之研究。臺北大學古典文獻與民俗藝術研究所民俗藝術組學位論文。2008。1-119。
  5. 胡曉玄(2008)。八里左岸遊憩資源觀光吸引力之研究。臺灣大學建築與城鄉研究所學位論文。2008。1-129。
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