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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 43 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 周忠謨、易杰軍、周琪 [Zhou, Z. M., J. J. Yi, and Q. Zhou] 1997。GPS衛星測量原理與應用 [GPS wei xing ce liang yuan li yu ying yong]。北京 [Bei Jing]:測繪出版社 [Ce Hui chu ban she]。
  2. 吳宜玲、林俊全 [Wu, I. L., and J. C. Lin] 2010。野柳地質公園遊客行為規範守則之研究 [Ye liu di zhi gong yuan you ke xing wei gui fan shou ze zhi yan jiu; A study on visitors’ behaviors and norms at Yehliu Geopark]。地理學報 [Di li xue bao; Journal of Geography] 60: 45-65。
  3. 施照輝 [Shi, Z. H.] 2005。野柳地質公園的轉型紀要與發展方向 [Ye liu di zhi gong yuan de zhuan xing ji yao yu fa zhan fang xiang]。地景保育通訊 [Di jing bao yu tong xun] 23: 2。
  4. 陳怡君、林俊全 [Chen, I. J., and J. C. Lin] 2010。野柳地質公園社會遊憩乘載量之研究 [ye liu di zhi gong yuan she hui you qi cheng zai liang zhi yan jiu; Social recreational carrying capacity at Yehliu Geopark]。地理學報[Di li xue bao; Journal of Geography] 60: 23-44。
  5. 羅逢源 [Luo, F. Y.] 2001。「SA」取消後GPS的精確度 [“SA” qu xiao hou de jing que du]。海運研究學刊 [hai yun yan jiu xue kan] 10: 23-32。
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