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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 36 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. Tsebelis, George,2009,《否決者論》,吳文欽(譯),韋伯
    2. 王振寰、錢永祥,1995,〈邁向新國家?民粹威權主義的形成與民主問題〉。《臺灣社會研究季刊》20:17-55。
    3. 何明修,黃俊豪,2012。〈第二次政黨輪替後的社會運動復甦:政治機會結構的觀點〉,研討會論文,東海大學社會學系暨臺灣社會學會主辦,「2012臺灣社會學年會暨國科會專題研究成果發表會─社會創新:後全球化」,臺中,2012/11/24-25
    4. 張佑宗,2009,〈搜尋臺灣民粹式民主的群眾基礎〉。《臺灣社會研究季刊》75:85-113
    5. 黃昱珽,2013,〈臺灣民粹主義轉變的探討:選舉民粹主義的形成〉,《弘光人文社會學報》17:52-73
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