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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 81 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王克尹,2005,〈建立我國港埠物流中心之研究〉,《航運季刊》,14:1,頁43-62。
  2. 交通部觀光局,2006,《觀光政策白皮書》。臺北:交通部觀光局。
  3. 汪明生,1997,<行銷地方產業首長責無旁貸>,《人力發展月刊》,第 46 期,頁 31-33。
  4. 汪明生、馬群傑,2002,〈地方競爭趨勢下之行銷實證研究─以高雄地區發展為例〉,《中國地方自治》,55(2):4-26。
  5. 吳松林、莊麗蘭,2005,〈地方永續發展績效管理〉,《研考雙月刊》,29:5,頁19-32。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蔡智潁(2015)。基隆何去何從?--從生活世界的觀點論北北基合併議題。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2015。1-212。
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