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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 32 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. 李鍊祥(2011),智慧型手機軟體商店之商業模式分析,國立中央大學資訊管理學系碩士論文。
  2. 2. 吳韶卿(2009),套裝軟體公司的通路行銷策略分析-以趨勢科技公司為例,國立臺灣大學管理學院國際企業管理組碩士論文。
  3. 5. 林銘郎(2003) ,產品策略與通路策略配合對經營績效關係之研究-以兩岸軟體產業為例,中原大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。
  4. 8. 馬文娟(2007),軟體公司創新服務事業之挑戰,國立臺灣大學管理學院國際企業管理組碩士論文。
  5. 9. 陳雪菁(2009),資訊通路商的價值創造,國立臺灣大學管理學院碩士在職專班資訊管理組碩士論文。
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