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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 36 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 丁學良(2003),〈應對SARS的三種體制:強制、法制、弱制〉,兩岸SARS危機管理:經驗、教訓與比較研討會,2003.11.29-30,台北:政治大學國際關係研究中心。
    2. 于鳳娟譯(2001),Lerbinger Otto著,《危機管理》(The crisis manager: facing risk and responsibility)。台北市:五南。(原作1997出版)
    3. 李瑞玉(2001),〈九二一事件中央政府危機溝通策略之研究—以九二一大地震的新聞報導為例〉,國立師範大學大眾傳播所碩士論文。
    4. 吳宜蓁(2000),〈危機溝通策略與媒體效能之模式建構—關於腸病毒風暴的個案研究〉,《新聞學研究》,第62期,頁1-34。
    5. 吳宜蓁(2003),〈SARS風暴危機溝通與現階段宣導策略檢視:台灣的例子〉,兩岸SARS危機管理:經驗、教訓與比較研討會,2003.11.29-30,台北:政治大學國際關係研究中心。
    Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
    1. 李雅琳(2010)。重大災難期間政府危機溝通策略之研究-以八八風災為例。臺灣師範大學大眾傳播研究所學位論文。2010。1-145。
    2. 王靖雯(2012)。南部地區教育行政機關人員危機溝通與反應策略影響因素之研究。成功大學教育研究所學位論文。2012。1-152。
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