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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 23 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3.王世旭、鄭淵源、李明聰、翁紹偉、王維志、張書萍、林志錚、周昌典、李順敏,美國、日本與台灣技術服務成本加公費法之比較,營建管理季刊,第85期,第14-27頁,2010。
  2. 4.王世旭、鄭淵源、李明聰、翁紹偉、王維志、張書萍、林志錚、周昌典、劉沈榮,各國技術服務計費制度之分析,營建管理季刊,第89期,第14-30頁,2011。
  3. 13.李建中,機關委託工程技術服務費率調整之研究,行政院公共工程委員會委託之研究報告,2005。
  4. 14.李建中,國內公共工程監造制度之研究,行政院公共工程委員會委託專案計畫,2005。
  5. 15.吳翰彰,公共工程委辦監造作業施工品質執行現況與問題改善對策之研究,碩士論文,國立中央大學土木研究所,2005。
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