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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 92 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 荊溪昱、趙世範、翁淩志(2007)。中文文章適讀性線上分析系統之發展研究。科技教育課程改革與發展學術研討會論文集,2006,47-57。
  2. 國立高雄師範大學工業科技教育學系(2010)。中文文章適讀性線上分析系統。2012年6月6日,取自http://
  3. 陳世敏(1971)。中文可讀性公式試擬。新聞學研究,8,181-226。
  4. Armstrong, C. J., & Wheatley, A. (1998). Writing abstracts for online databases: results of an investigation of database producers’ guidelines. Program: Electronic Library and Information Systems, 32(4), 359-371.
  5. Barjak, F. (2006). The role of the internet in informal scholarly communication. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 57(10), 1350-1367.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳琪瑛(2017)。探討台灣中部醫學中心與區域醫院的健康教育教材之適讀性與適用性。中國醫藥大學護理學系碩士班學位論文。2017。1-96。
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