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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 22 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3. 吳加雄,2010。黑翅螢之生物學與保育研究。國立臺灣大學昆蟲學系,博士論文。
  2. 4. 林信輝,2003。應用水生昆蟲科級生物指標(FBI)評估溪流水質之研究。水土保持學報 35(4):425-438
  3. 5. 徐崇斌、楊平世,1997。應用水生昆蟲生物指標評估基隆河水質之研究。中華昆蟲 17(3):152-162。
  4. 6. 陳以容,2003。台北郊區農水路復育螢火蟲之可行性與其生態工法研究。國立臺灣大學生物環境系統工程學系暨研究所,碩士論文。
  5. 9. 鄭秀玲,2013. 農村地區螢火蟲棲地營造之研究-以台中市鎌村社區為例。國立中興大學水土保持學系,碩士論文。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳秉文(2017)。以黃緣螢調查作為生態草溝補償之研究。臺灣大學生物環境系統工程學研究所學位論文。2017。1-69。 
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