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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 117 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李晶 (2003)。連續休假中休閒活動參與特性之研究.運動與休閒學術管理研討會, 國立台灣師範大學。
  2. 李晶 (2006)。休閒活動情緒體驗量表建構之研究. 休閒暨觀光產業研究, 1(1), 97-107。
  3. 李麗雪 (1998)。台灣傳統庭園的情緒體驗與景觀偏好之研究—以板橋林家花園為例,國立台灣大學園藝研究所博士論文。
  4. 李美芬 (1996)。植栽空間序列對情緒體驗及偏好影響之研究. 中興大學園藝所碩士論文.
  5. 於忠苓 (2003)。台灣中部溫泉區遊客重遊意願之研究,臺中健康暨管理學院經營管理研究所碩士論文。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 郭家禎(2014)。探討黑暗觀光旅遊動機與環境態度之關係並研擬小林村紀念公園管理策略。高雄餐旅大學旅遊管理研究所學位論文。2014。1-134。 
  2. 林芸安(2017)。墓園旅遊之動機與情緒體驗對重遊意願之影響-以兩蔣文化園區兩岸遊客為例。中興大學景觀與遊憩碩士學位學程學位論文。2017。1-97。
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