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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing a document with a DOI, the DOI permanent URL should always be presented (if using APA or Chicago format, present number). If using a citation format that does not specify DOI, the DOI permanent URL should still be presented as a priority.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 68 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃俊傑(2007)。《東亞儒學:經典與詮釋的辯證》。台北:台灣大學。
  2. 翁岳生(1994)。〈大法官功能演變之探討〉,收於氏著《法治國家之行政法與司法》,頁411-445。台北:元照。
  3. 葉俊榮(2003)。〈九七憲改與台灣憲法變遷的模式〉,收於氏著:《民主轉型與憲法變遷》,頁111-156。台北:元照。
  4. 黃舒芃(2009)。〈多元民主中的自由保障:Hans Kelsen的多元主義民主觀暨其對議會與憲法法院的證立〉,收錄於氏著《民主國家的憲法及其守護者》,頁55-97。台北:元照。
  5. 黃舒芃(2009)。〈德國法上違憲審查權限爭議的歷史軌跡:從H. Kelsen與C Schmitt的辯論談起〉,收錄於氏著《民主國家的憲法及其守護者》,頁141-178。台北:元照。
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