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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 53 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 汪偉恩,2008,全球太陽光電產業與市場發展趨勢,台北市,財團法人光電科技工業協進會,PIDA,臺灣。
  2. 汪偉恩,2008,初版,剖析’08年各國太陽電池產能規劃,台北市,財團法人光電科技工業協進會,PIDA,臺灣。
  3. 2007太陽光電產業瞭望與剖析,2008,財團法人光電科技工業協進會,PIDA,臺灣。
  4. 李雯雯、王孟傑,2007,薄膜太陽能電池技術發展潛力分析,IEK-ITIS計畫,ITRI,台灣。
  5. 李明軒、邱如美譯,1999,競爭優勢,台北,天下文化。P orter, M.E., 1998, Competitive Advantage –Creating & Sustaining Superior Performance, New York, NY: Simon & Schuster.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 呂宜芸(2011)。探討以政策規範高耗能產業參與再生能源開發之綜效-以太陽光電發電系統為例。中央大學企業管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-85。
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