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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 75 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 余俊德。2013。玄武岩及蛇紋岩母質土壤之性質與六價鉻生成之比較。國立屏東科技大學環境工程與科學研究所碩士論文。
  2. 吳景翰。2009。不同施肥條件下蛇紋石土壤中重金屬之溶出特性與水稻吸收量。國立屏東科技大學環境工程與科學研究所碩士論文。
  3. 許正一、蔡衡。2011。蛇紋岩土壤之特性及其重金屬含量偏高問題。臺灣礦業。63:12-26。
  4. 張育禎、陳谷汎。2015。過硫酸鹽氧化法技術發展及污染整治應用。土壤地下水污染整治。2:231-241。
  5. 許淳淳。2010。各種化學氧化法處理柴油污染蛇紋岩土壤鉻及鎳之溶出。國立臺灣大學農業化學系所碩士論文。
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