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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 105 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Abdala N, Carney JM, Durante AJ, Klimov N, Ostrovski D et al. 2003. Estimating the prevalence of syringe-borne and sexually transmitted diseases among injection drug users in St Petersburg, Russia. International Journal of STD & AIDS. 14(10):697-703,
  2. Adusumalli J, Bonney EA, Odenat L, Jamieson DJ. 2004. Hepatitis C virus (HCV): prevalence in a gynecological urgent care clinic population. Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics & Gynecology. 12(1):9-12,
  3. Ahmed MA, Zafar T, Brahmbhatt H, Imam G, Ul HS et al. 2003. HIV/AIDS risk behaviors and correlates of injection drug use among drug users in Pakistan. Journal of Urban Health. 80(2):321-9,
  4. Backmund M, Meyer K, Henkel C, Reimer J, Wachtler M, Schutz CG. 2005. Risk Factors and predictors of human immunodeficiency virus infection among injection drug users. European Addiction Research. 11(3):138-44,
  5. Beyrer C, Razak MH, Lisam K, Chen J, Lui W, Yu XF. 2000. Overland heroin trafficking routes and HIV-1 spread in south and south-east Asia. AIDS. 14(1):75-83,
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 楊安琪(2009)。台灣不同危險因子族群愛滋感染的地理空間變異。國立臺灣大學流行病學研究所學位論文。2009。1-121。 
  2. 陳建璋(2010)。HIV 收容人在監適應問題之研究。臺北大學犯罪學研究所學位論文。2010。1-198。
  3. 陳宜擇(2010)。毒癮愛滋收容人生活適應之研究。臺北大學犯罪學研究所學位論文。2010。1-169。
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