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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 31 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 【29】劉宛陵,「公共工程開口合約之研究-以公路維護為例」,中央大學碩士論文,2006年7月
  2. 【1】工程會,「公共工程技術資料庫整合」 2.5道路照明及道路照明基本圖,2004年 5月
  3. 【2】工程會,「公共工程施工綱要規範」 第16525章「道路照明」,2004年5月
  4. 【3】中國大陸建設部,「城市道路照明設計標」,1991年6月
  5. 【4】中國大陸建設部,「城市道路照明設施管理規定」,1992年11月
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林淳尹(2012)。橋梁景觀照明設計研究--以高屏溪橋與高屏大橋為例。臺灣大學園藝學研究所學位論文。2012。1-116。 
  2. 郭韋翔(2010)。RFID技術應用於道路照明設施維護管理之研究。臺北科技大學土木與防災研究所學位論文。2010。1-113。
  3. 謝東翰(2011)。二維條碼技術應用於道路照明設施檢修通報及維護管理之研究。臺北科技大學土木與防災研究所學位論文。2011。1-132。
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