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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 21 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2. 劉常勇、謝如梅,2006,「創業管理研究之回顧與展望:理論與模式探討」,創業管理研究,1卷1期:1-43。
  2. 3. 劉常勇、謝如梅、陳韋廷,2007,「建構創業經驗與機會確認之架構」2卷3期:51-72。
  3. 4. 謝凱雯、陳志坪、林聖蒨,2008,「日本的經濟環境對創業率之影響」,創業管理研究,3卷3期:103-118。
  4. 5. 謝如梅、劉常勇,2009「國際創業研究計畫:「全球創業觀察」之模式、方法與意涵」,創業管理研究,4卷3期:1-27。
  5. 7. 溫肇東、劉常勇、謝如梅、陳意文、鄭宇庭、蔡淑梨、羅宗敏,陳麗華,周世豐,2010,「台灣創業環境調查與建議:國家專家觀點」,創業管理研究,5卷4期:35-72。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 楊書瑋(2016)。金屬工藝產業微型創業成功關鍵因素_以 FAHP 之研究。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2016。1-77。
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