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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 24 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.王億傑,2012。溪頭地區螢火蟲資源調查與黑翅螢監測。國立台灣大學昆蟲學系,碩士論文。
  2. 2.王彤,2014。都市中螢火蟲棲地微氣候與水文之調查-以木柵永建生態園區為例。國立台灣大學生物環境系統工程學系,碩士論文。
  3. 4.許仁財,2008。東勢林場內黃緣螢棲地多樣性復育。國立中興大學水土保持學系,碩士論文。
  4. 5.張志遠,2013。新北市烏來地區桶后林道螢火蟲多樣性與季節變化。國立台北教育大學自然科學教育學系,碩士論文。
  5. 6.趙于震,2012。屏東九如地區黃緣螢棲地環境調查研究,國立屏東科技大學水土保持學系,碩士論文。
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