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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 51 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2.田文政,2003,夜間使用學校運動場地設施行為模式之研究。體育學報第35輯,p.179~192,中華民國體育學會。
  2. 4.江彥政,2009,自然環境資訊對心理評價反應影響之模式。園藝學研究所,中興大學,博士論文。
  3. 5.李銘輝,1992,觀光地理。台北:揚智文化。
  4. 6.李樑堅、施美惠、康桓甄,2008,高雄市民對於夜間旅遊觀光遊憩資源認知與觀光行銷策略之研究。運動與遊憩研究,第三卷,第二期,第198 頁 – 第224 頁。
  5. 7.李麗雪、于亞蕾、鄭怡萱、吳寶蓮、沈怡美、陳美朱,2004,陽明山花季遊客遊憩滿意度影響因素研究,第六屆休閒遊憩觀光學術研討會論文集:休閒遊憩需求。台中:中華民國戶外遊憩學會。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林墾(2013)。速食店空間消費行為與滿意度分析-以摩斯漢堡為例。臺灣大學建築與城鄉研究所學位論文。2013。1-149。
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