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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 127 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. 王熙哲、丁耀民(2006),「人際關係網路對虛擬社群使用意願的影響」,資訊管理學報第十五卷第一期
  2. 3. 吳柄偉(2011),「老人人際親密、社會參與及心理健康狀況之相關研究」,國立台北教育大學教育學院心理與諮商學系
  3. 7. 洪寧(2010),「Facebook上消費者類社會互動對品牌關係影響」,國立政治大學
  4. 9. 張文賢、藍美英、黃玟儀(2012),「初探銷售人員接觸後之主觀感受-人際接觸日誌法之應用」,中州管理與人文科學叢刊第二卷第一期
  5. 13. 陳又華(2008),「高中生人際吸引力與學校生活適應之關係研究」,國立台灣師範大學教育心理與輔導研究所
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