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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 50 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 謝佳慧。1991。凍存逆滲透濃縮乳製作酸凝乳與甜凝乳之物性與凝析。國立台灣大學畜產學研究所碩士論文。
  2. A.O.A.C. 1980. Offical methods of analysis. Association of official anylytical chemists. pp. 344-345. Washington, D. C.
  3. Arnon, R. 1970. Papain. Methods Enzymol. 19: 226-244.
  4. Asakura, T., H. Watanabe, K. Abe and S. Arai. 1997. Oryzasin as an aspartic proteinase occurring in rice seeds: purification, characterization, and application to milk clotting. J. Agric. Food Chem. 46: 1070-1075.
  5. Birch, G. G., N. Blakebrough and K. J. Parker. 1981. Enzymes and food processing. pp. 33-38. Appied Science Publishers LTD. London.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃美如(2007)。生薑蛋白酶之製備與生化特性之探討。臺灣大學動物科學技術學研究所學位論文。2007。1-67。 
  2. 李彥翰(2011)。生薑粗萃液之蛋白酶與抗氧化特性及其應用於 番鴨肉質嫩化與抗氧化之探討。中興大學動物科學系所學位論文。2011。1-92。
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