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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 105 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Anderson, Benedict著,吳叡人譯,1999,《想像的共同體:民族主義的起源與散 布》,台北:時報文化。譯自Imagined Communities : Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism. London and New York: Verso. 1991.
  2. Huntington, Samuel著,高德源、劉純佑、石吉雄譯,2008,《「誰是美國人?」: 族群融合的問題與國家認同的危機》,台北:左岸文化。譯自Who Are We? The Challenges to America's National Identity. Simon and Schuster. 2004.
  3. Huntington, Samuel著,黃裕美譯,1997,《文明衝突與世界秩序的重建》,台北: 聯經。譯自The Clash of Civilizations and Remaking of World Order. 1993.
  4. 王甫昌,1993,〈省籍融合的本質——一個理論論與經驗的探討〉,張茂桂等(編), 《族群關係與國家認同》,台北:業強,頁53-100。
  5. 王振寰,1989,〈台灣的政治轉型與反對運動〉,《台灣社會研究季刊》,2(1): 71-116。
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