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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

    Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 84 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. Ahlgren, U., Jonsson, J., Jonsson, L., Simu, K., and Edlund, H. (1998). beta-cell-specific inactivation of the mouse Ipf1/Pdx1 gene results in loss of the beta-cell phenotype and maturity onset diabetes. Genes Dev 12, 1763-1768.
    2. Araba, B.G. (2001). Stimulation of protein biosynthesis in rat hepatocytes by extracts of Momordica charantia. Phytother Res 15, 95-98.
    3. Bernard-Kargar, C., and Ktorza, A. (2001). Endocrine pancreas plasticity under physiological and pathological conditions. Diabetes 50 Suppl 1, S30-35.
    4. Biddinger, S.B., and Kahn, C.R. (2006). From mice to men: insights into the insulin resistance syndromes. Annu Rev Physiol 68, 123-158.
    5. Bjorklund, A., Yaney, G., McGarry, J.D., and Weir, G. (1997). Fatty acids and beta-cell function. Diabetologia 40 Suppl 3, B21-26.
    Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
    1. 聶良育(2017)。不同品系山苦瓜及其內源性酵素水解衍生物對肝臟脂質代謝的影響。臺灣大學生化科技學系學位論文。2017。1-133。 
    2. 王柏凱(2015)。山苦瓜酸水解萃物影響3T3-L1前脂肪細胞褐化相關基因mRNA的表現量。臺灣大學生化科技學系學位論文。2015。1-82。 
    3. 林德岳(2013)。山苦瓜萃取暨其酵素水解最佳化與三萜類成分之探討。臺灣大學生化科技學系學位論文。2013。1-167。 
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