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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 50 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王俊雄、李翠芬,2001。「高齡農民人力資源發展與應用之研究:以中部地區為例」,『農業推廣學報』,第18期,頁33-47。
  2. 行政院主計處,1997。中華民國八十四年台閩地區農林漁牧業調查報告。台北:行政院主計處。
  3. 行政院主計處,2002。中華民國八十九年台閩地區農林漁牧業普查報告。台北:行政院主計處。
  4. 行政院農委會,2008。96年農業統計年報。台北:行政院農委會。
  5. 林灼榮、廖偵旭,1990。「台灣實施農民退休年金制度之初探」,『台灣土地金融季刊』,第27卷第3期,頁213-222。
Times Cited (8) 〈TOP〉
  1. 洪偉翰(2012)。高齡農民參與學習動機與學習阻礙之研究─以彰化縣為例。中興大學生物產業管理研究所學位論文。2012。1-68。 
  2. 黃麗婷(2016)。從政府普查及調查資料看臺灣農地農用現況。臺灣大學農業經濟學研究所學位論文。2016。1-72。 
  3. 鄭峰明(2016)。影響雲林地區農民改善經營規模意願之因素。臺灣大學農業經濟學研究所學位論文。2016。1-89。 
  4. 李昌鴻(2015)。影響台灣農業收入之因素及政策意涵。臺灣大學農業經濟學研究所學位論文。2015。1-127。 
  5. 李昌隆(2010)。台灣拍賣市場蔬菜價格風險分析。臺灣大學農業經濟學研究所學位論文。2010。1-76。 
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