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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 44 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李俊奎(2006),螯合交換樹脂處理含銅(Ⅱ)與鎳(Ⅱ)工業廢水,私立元智大學化學工程與材料科學研究所碩士論文。
  2. 行政院環境保護署,2016。修正「放流水標準」,行政院環境保護署環署水字第1040110356號令。
  3. 劉黔蘭,1998。電鍍廢水污染土壤,土壤與環境,第1卷第2期,161-169。
  4. 謝心色,2011。灌排系統污染管制策略之成本效益分析-以彰化縣東西二圳重金屬污染管制為例,國立中興大學環境工程學研究所碩士論文。
  5. 姚洋羽,2003。離子交換法處理含氫氟酸與氟矽酸的半導體廢水之研究,私立元智大學化學工程學系研究所碩士論文。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 程威傑(2017)。桃園滲眉埤污染案之環境鑑識探討。臺灣大學生物環境系統工程學研究所學位論文。2017。1-103。 
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