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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 74 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 25. 陳鈺婷(2006)。轉型醫療環境下台灣私立綜合醫院經營策略之研究-以敏盛綜合醫院為個案。國立台灣大學商學研究所碩士論文。
  2. 28. 楊漢湶(2004)。醫療社團法人立法經過及意義。醫院雜誌,37,頁1-10。
  3. 32. 劉容華、江東亮(2001)。台灣小型醫院新設與歇業之影響。台灣公共衛生雜誌,20(1),頁27-33。
  4. 37. 鍾聖校(1999)。質性研究方法論的認識與再議。國立台北師範學院學報,第12期。
  5. 1. A. Shleifer and R. W. Visny (1997). A Survey of Corporate Governance. Journal of Finance ,52,no.2.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 簡聖哲(2009)。地區醫院轉型策略之研究。臺灣大學醫療機構管理研究所學位論文。2009。1-152。 
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