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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 150 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. Christian Starck,林三欽(譯),Rechtsvergleichung im offentlichen Recht(公法上之法學比較),,收於《法學、憲法法院審判權與基本權利》,元照,2006年7月,頁63。
  2. 3. 林文雄,賴特布魯的政治哲學,收錄於氏著《法實證主義》,自版,1994年4月,第四版,頁81。
  3. 5. 李鴻禧,憲法與政黨關係之法理學底詮釋,收於《憲法與人權》,1985年,元照,頁118-129。
  4. 1. 王鵬翔,論基本權的規範結構,國立臺灣大學法學論叢,第34卷第2期,2005年,頁1-60。
  5. 2. 王鵬翔,基本權作為最佳化命令與框架秩序─從原則理論初探立法餘地(Gesetzgeberische Spielraume)問題,東吳法律學報,第18卷第3期,2007,頁1-40。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳博維(2018)。台灣政黨法制之研究。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2018。1-140。 
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