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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 31 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 孫家麟 1988年 《人工智慧概論》 第三波文化事業股份有限公司
  2. 陳述之 1996年 《語意網知識體系再自然保育區管理上之應用》 中華地理資訊學會學術研討會論文集。
  3. 盧雲亭 1999年 《現代旅遊地理學》 地景企業股份有限公司
  4. Tseng,F.S.C. et ai. On Mapping Language Constructs into Relational Algebra through E-R Representation, Data & Knowledge Enginerring, Vol. 9, No.1, (1992/93) pp.97-118
  5. 2000 Tourism: Principles, Practices, Philosophies, Conada: John Wiely & Sons.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 朱華婧(2016)。語意分析技術應用於遊記撰寫輔助系統之研究。臺灣大學地理環境資源學研究所學位論文。2016。1-112。 
  2. 羅元輔(2009)。語意關聯式的新圖文整合-以陽明山國家公園研究報告為例。臺灣大學地理環境資源學研究所學位論文。2009。1-149。 
  3. 李卓翰(2007)。應用物件導向方法建構3D虛擬旅遊系統之研究—以野柳地質公園為例。臺灣大學地理環境資源學研究所學位論文。2007。1-105。 
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