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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 21 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. IAI (2004). ”Architecture Diagram,” IFC2x2 Addendum 1.
  2. Sheppard, L.M. (2004). “Virtual Building for Construction Projects,” IEEE Computer Graphics and Application, vol 24, pp. 6-12, January/February 2004.
  3. Web3D (2004b). ”How is the X3D Specification Structured,“ X3D Frequently Asked Questions. <>
  4. Bentley (2003). ”Bentley Navigator Version 8.1 User Guide.”
  5. Burdea, G. (1993). “Virtual Reality Systems and Applications.” Proceedings of the Electro’93 International Conference, pp.164, April 28 1993.
Times Cited (8) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林明煌(2011)。營建專案排程土建與機電系統關連研究-以梯廳工程為例。臺灣大學土木工程學研究所學位論文。2011。1-99。 
  2. 詹博文(2009)。應用多維度圖形資料庫技術於精實採購之研究。臺灣大學土木工程學研究所學位論文。2009。1-70。 
  3. 溫日新(2008)。預鑄構件吊裝順序展示輔助工具之研究。臺灣大學土木工程學研究所學位論文。2008。1-93。 
  4. 曾國峰(2007)。建築工程3D施工順序模擬系統之研究。臺灣大學土木工程學研究所學位論文。2007。1-98。 
  5. 呂明娟(2006)。建築結構工程4D模擬系統之研究。臺灣大學土木工程學研究所學位論文。2006。1-100。 
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