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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 140 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張志誠、鍾文彬、林敏雯、翁仲男、楊平政、邱雲棕、張文發、朱瑞民。1993。台灣地區豬繁殖與呼吸道症候群 Ⅰ. 病毒分離。中華獸醫誌。19: 268-276。
  2. 邱明堂、蘇保誠、莊孟修、林昭男。2004。台灣地區罹病豬隻中第二型豬環狀病毒感染狀況之調查。台灣獸醫誌。30: 163-168。
  3. 劉振軒、王綉真、蘇豐振、傅千惠。1997。改良式免疫組織化學染色技術應用於福馬林液固定與石蠟包埋豬組織之研究。中華獸醫誌。23:523-530。
  4. Allan, G.M., Ellis, J.A., 2000, Porcine circoviruses: a review. J Vet Diagn Invest 12, 3-14.
  5. Allan, G.M., McNeilly, E., Kennedy, S., Meehan, B., Moffett, D., Malone, F., Ellis, J., Krakowka, S., 2000, PCV-2-associated PDNS in Northern Ireland in 1990. Porcine dermatitis and nephropathy syndrome. Vet Rec 146, 711-712.
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張致中(2014)。2013年臺灣地區豬流行性感冒病毒分離及親緣關係分析。屏東科技大學獸醫學系所學位論文。2014。1-74。 
  2. 熊能(2009)。台灣地區豬生殖與呼吸綜合症病毒高變異基因監測。屏東科技大學獸醫學系所學位論文。2009。1-54。 
  3. 李遙(2012)。以原位雜交偵測豬淋巴組織內豬纖鍊病毒及其致病機轉之探討。臺灣大學獸醫學研究所學位論文。2012。1-94。 
  4. 邱宗義(2007)。豬流行性感冒病毒之偵測及其分型方法之建立。臺灣大學獸醫學研究所學位論文。2007。1-68。 
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