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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 168 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. 古詩婷,著作權法上科技保護措施和規避行為:國際規範之比較研究,國立台灣大學法律學研究所碩士論文,民國九十四年六月。
  2. 3. 吳宇菁,數位權利管理系統架構的競爭策略,國立台灣大學商學研究所碩士論文,民國九十三年七月。
  3. 7. 洪吉亮,著作權法上科技保護措施之研究,國立清華大學科技法律研究所碩士論文,民國九十六年六月。
  4. 8. 胡心蘭,論科技發展對合理使用與著作財產權限制之影響,中原大學財經法律研究所碩士論文,民國九十年六月。
  5. 9. 星友康,衝突或妥協?-科技保護措施立法之研究>,國立台灣大學法律學研究所碩士論文,民國九十五年六月。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 中村友紀(2013)。科技保護措施之研究-以日本法最近發展為中心。國立臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2013。1-103。 
  2. 黃品倩(2012)。兩岸人民關係條例高科技人員赴陸任職之研究 ─對國人赴陸工作權與國家安全之衡平性分析。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2012。1-251。
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