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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 112 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 2. 牛惠之,「世界貿易組織之SPS協定關於風險評估與風險管理之規範體系與爭端案例研究」,台灣國際法季刊,第1卷第2期,頁151-236(2004年4月)。
    2. 5. 牛惠之,「國際環境公約與GATT/WTO之潛在衝突:論相關於環境之貿易措施與獎勵性措施之運用與爭議」,台大法學論叢,28卷4期,頁193-245(1999年7月)。
    3. 8. 王玉葉,「歐洲聯盟之輔助原則」,歐美研究,第30卷第2期,頁1至30(2000年6月)。
    4. 11. 林彩瑜,「開發中國家與WTO『特殊且差異之待遇』條款」,台大法學論叢,31卷1期(2002年1月)。
    5. 14. 施文真,「台灣於環境保護v.s.自由貿易之國際辯論中的定位」,台大法學論叢,31卷1期(2002年1月)。
    Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
    1. 陳愷璘(2015)。論比例原則於國際投資仲裁若干議題之適用。國立臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2015。1-271。 
    2. 翁乃方(2011)。WTO架構下公共道德及公共秩序例外之探討:共通適用準則之建立。臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2011。1-187。 
    3. 洪千雯(2006)。以WTO規範為基礎探討TRIPS協定關於國家緊急情況的認定機制-從我國克流感專利強制授權案出發。清華大學科技法律研究所學位論文。2006。1-122。
    4. 張南薰(2007)。WTO協定間法律適用關係之研究。政治大學法律學研究所學位論文。2007。1-187。
    5. 葉峯谷(2010)。公共政策制定過程的均衡與斷續─以毒奶粉事件處理模式為例。臺北大學公共行政暨政策學系學位論文。2010。1-164。
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