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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 35 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 13. 黃振恭 (民92)。「國中小開放聘請外籍英語教師政策」。台南市國小英語輔導團網站。
    2. 17. 薛婉綺 (民89)。國小級任導師輔助英語科任教師推行英語教學之個案研究。國立台北師範學院課程與教學研究所碩士論文。
    3. 參考文獻
    4. 一、 中文部分
    5. 1. 丁文祺 (民90)。外籍教師之英語教學現況調查研究 ─以高雄市國民中學英語教學為例。國立高雄師範大學教育所碩士論文。
    Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
    1. 詹永名(2008)。外籍教師來台生活適應與教學經驗之研究-以台東縣為例。臺東大學進修部教育行政碩士班(夜間)學位論文。2008。1-112。 
    2. 林麗華(2007)。歐洲的小學外語師資資格研究--法國對外籍師資的制度和培育為台灣參考之模式。淡江大學法國語文學系碩士班學位論文。2007。1-156。
    3. 陳瑋瑜(2007)。協同教學之中、外籍英語教師專業成長個案研究。臺灣師範大學英語學系學位論文。2007。1-330。
    4. 呂佳儒(2008)。一位美籍英語教師在台灣的教學經驗。政治大學英語教學碩士在職專班學位論文。2008。1-151。
    5. 陳心彤(2012)。從協同教學中學習:探究以英語為外語教學(TEFL)的學生教師之小組協同教學經驗。。交通大學英語教學研究所學位論文。2012。1-146。
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