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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 108 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 行政院衛生署。2010。食品衛生管理法。行政院衛生署。臺北。臺灣。
  2. 林隆儀。2008。現代化中仍保有傳統特色的我國飲料產業。中華飲食文化基金會會訊。14 (2): 24-30。
  3. 林靜宜、王子慶、廖俊旺與吳明昌。2005。檬果汁低溫殺菌加工Ⅱ.貯藏期間品質之變化。中國園藝。51(3): 229-240。
  4. 胡仲勳、賴宣陽、管麗珍、鄭守訓、吳克慧與徐錦豐。2003。市售現榨果汁大腸桿菌O157及沙門氏桿菌汙染之調查。藥物食品檢驗局調查研究年報。21: 339-343。
  5. 陳美蓮、毛義方與藍忠孚。1996。各類市售飲料的酸鹼度、酸度及重金屬含量研究。中華衛誌。15(2): 109-115。
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