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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 94 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王文玲、邱文達(2000).脊髓損傷災害知多少.勞工安全衛生簡訊,42,2-5。
  2. 王顏和(1995).脊髓損傷.醫學繼續教育,5(6),730-739。
  3. 王顏和、林光華(1994).脊髓損傷之神經檢查與功能評估.中華民國物理治療學會雜誌,19(1),78-87。
  4. 吳淑芳(2000).脊髓損傷病人不確定感之評估與護理.護理雜誌,47(4),52-58。
  5. 吳淑玲(1997).慢性阻塞性肺疾病患者之身體症狀、功能狀態與不確定感,未發表之碩士論文.高雄:高雄醫學院。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蕭淑嫺(2015)。參與臨床試驗的肺癌病人不確定感與希望狀態之探討。臺灣大學護理學研究所學位論文。2015。1-113。 
  2. 陳怡禎(2011)。神經纖維瘤第一型患者的不確定感與因應方式。臺灣大學分子醫學研究所學位論文。2011。1-69。
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