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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 111 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王重榮, 林芳仁, 陳明憲, & 梁雲. (1988). 乳癌手術後局部或區域淋巴結復發之放射線治療. 中華放射線醫學雜誌, 13(3), 305-313.
  2. 朱娟秀, 黃俊升, & 張金堅. (1998). The Prognostic Significance of Pathologic Characteristics of Breast Cancer Patients in Taiwan. 慈濟醫學雜誌, 10(4), 265-271.
  3. 呂雅雲. (2007). 台灣醫院別癌症照護資源與內容之分析. 臺灣大學碩士論文.
  4. 周嫚君. (2006). 護理人員離職相關因素之探討─以存活分析及南部某醫學中心為例. 高雄醫學大學碩士論文.
  5. 季瑋珠, 黃俊升, & 張金堅. (1997). 台灣的乳癌. 中華公共衛生雜誌, 16(1), 62-76.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李雅文(2012)。探討醫師使用乳癌核心測量指標之影響因素 -以計畫行為理論為例。臺灣大學健康政策與管理研究所學位論文。2012。1-114。 
  2. 湯婉琳(2012)。乳癌病患的照護品質與生活品質之相關性研究:應用核心測量指標與多層次分析。臺灣大學健康政策與管理研究所學位論文。2012。1-188。 
  3. 陳姿方(2010)。醫院特質與醫師特質對於接受積極治療的肝癌病患之照護與結果相關探討。臺灣大學健康政策與管理研究所學位論文。2010。1-120。 
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