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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 111 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王牧寰(2011)。《美國有線電視法之節目取得與載送規則之研究》。元智大學資訊社會學碩士學位學程論文。
  2. 洪貞玲(2006)。〈國家管制與言論自由-從衛星電視換照爭議談起〉,《廣播與電視》,26:51-75。
  3. 柯舜智、莊春發(2008)。〈再探台灣有線電視市場集中度〉,《新聞學研究》,94: 149-192。
  4. 許芝蘭(2010)。《數位匯流下聯網電視之新創服務發展:台灣大哥大集團個案研究》。台灣大學碩士在職專班商學組EMBA論文。
  5. 陳炳宏、許敬柔(2006)。〈電視購物頻道市場之進入障礙與競爭策略分析〉。《廣播與電視》第27期,頁25-56。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 詹榮宏(2014)。寬頻網路對有線電視產業經營衝擊分析。淡江大學資訊管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2014。1-66。 
  2. 陳履洋(2015)。近年台灣媒體併購之法律檢討──以中時集團、中嘉網路與壹傳媒集團案為例。交通大學科技法律研究所學位論文。2015。1-167。 
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