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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 137 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林江亮與鄭菽萱,2006,政府持股與公司價值之關聯性研究,當代會計,第7卷第2期:237-260。
  2. 林欣美、郭麗華與蘇迺惠,2008,國際化程度、董事會結構、精練法人監督對盈餘管理之影響:以台灣資訊電子業為例,臺大管理論叢,第19卷第1期:157-186。
  3. 林宛瑩、汪瑞芝與游順合,2012,研發支出、內部董事與經營績效,會計審計論叢,第2卷第1期:61-90。
  4. 俞海琴與周本鄂,1994,台灣地區上市公司董監事、關係人持股比率和公司托賓Q關係之研究,管理評論,第13卷第1期:79-98。
  5. 陳瑞斌與許崇源,2007,公司治理結構與資訊揭露之關聯性研究,交大管理學報,第27卷第2期:55-109。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 褚鴻勻(2015)。政治關聯與公司價值之實證研究。臺灣大學會計學研究所學位論文。2015。1-42。 
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