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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 68 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 吳玉山,2011,〈半總統制:全球發展與研究議程〉,《政治科學論叢》47:1-32。
    2. 李鳳玉,2018,〈政黨實力、政治制度以及半總統制下政黨投入總統大選的決定〉,《政治學報》65:81-107。
    3. 蔡榮祥、石鵬翔,2011,〈總理總統制與政府穩定:以烏克蘭、羅馬尼亞為例〉,《政治科學論叢》47:65-106。
    4. 蔡榮祥,2014,〈總統和國會權力抗衡與民主運作之成敗—以拉丁美洲總統制國家為例〉,《問題與研究》53(2):1-30。
    5. 蘇子喬,2018,〈選舉制度及時程對政黨體系與政府型態的影響:總統制與半總統制國家的跨國分析〉,《政治學報》65:37-80。
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