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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 17 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 莊紘愷 (2007) 自永續發展之理念論我國推行碳排放權交易所須建立之法律制度,碩士論文,科技法律研究所,國立清華大學,新竹。
  2. 蔡宛霖 (2008)考量碳稅政策之最適能源投入要素組合,碩士論文,工業與資訊管理學研究所,國立成功大學,台南。
  3. 蔡燕宗 (2008) 實行碳稅與排放權交易之衝擊評估-以台灣電力部門為例,碩士論文,應用經濟研究所,國立中興大學,台中。
  4. Obehthur, S and Ott, H. (1999). The Kyoto Protocol: International Climate Policy for the 21st Century, Springer Verlag, Berlin.
  5. Sorrell, S and Skea, J. (2003), Pollution for Sale: Emission Trading and Joint Implementation, Edward Elga, Cheltenham.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 徐韶宏(2012)。保險從業人員對碳權交易制度之接受度調查研究。朝陽科技大學環境工程與管理系學位論文。2012。1-118。
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