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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 130 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳太光,2005,以勤益股份有限公司個案看傳統產業完全轉型之策略,臺灣大學管理學院會計學研究所未出版碩士論文。
  2. 林筱萍,2007,鴻海科技集團的多角化策略與經營績效,臺灣大學社會科學 院國家發展研究所未出版碩士論文。
  3. 段兆麟、蔡進發與謝碧枝,2004,企業轉型中的多角化策略選擇-以食品業為例,生物與休閒事業研究,1卷1期:75-100。
  4. 孫梅瑞與蕭瑞子,2008,國際多角化與企業績效、企業風險的關聯性及其影響因素之研究,管理與系統,15卷4期:617-643。
  5. 徐業發,2007,傳統產業轉型高科技產業關鍵成功因素之探討-化工業發展電子化學品之個案研究,國立政治大學經營管理碩士學程未出版碩士論文。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳清輝(2014)。中國造紙工業營運策略之探討-以江蘇臺資瓦楞紙板公司為例。中央大學管理學院高階主管企管碩士班學位論文。2014。1-103。
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