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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 346 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. (清)姚瑩,《東槎紀略》(臺灣文獻叢刋第7種),臺北市:臺灣銀行經濟研究室,1957。
  2. (清)蔣師轍,《臺游日記》(臺灣文獻叢刋第6種),臺北市:臺灣銀行經濟研究室,1957。
  3. (清)李元春(時齋)輯; 李來南(薰屏)校,《臺灣志略》(臺灣文獻叢刋第18種),臺北市:臺灣銀行經濟研究室。(本書據劉振清彙梓之青照堂叢書本迻寫標點並校其為而重刊之),1958。【成書時間:約在雍正11年至乾隆3年,1733-1738】
  4. (清)沈雲,《臺灣鄭氏始末》(臺灣文獻叢刋第15種),臺北市:臺灣銀行經濟研究室,1958。【成書時間:康熙22年11月,1683年】
  5. (清)周鐘瑄、陳夢林,《諸羅縣志》(臺灣文獻叢刋第55種),臺北市:臺灣銀行經濟研究室,1958。【成書時間:康熙55-56年,1716-1717年】
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林正慧(2013)。臺灣客家的形塑歷程──清代至戰後的追索。臺灣大學歷史學研究所學位論文。2013。1-312。 
  2. 韋煙灶(Yen-Tsao Wei)(2013)。彰化永靖及埔心地區閩客族群裔的空間分布特色之研究。地理研究。(59)。1-22。 
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