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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 415 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 洪德欽,<歐聯、美國與世貿組織農產品貿易政策之綜合研究>,《歐美研究》,第26卷第2期,1996年6月,頁39-91。
  2. 蘇芳誼,<歐盟與美國之農業貿易紛爭>,《問題與研究》,第37卷 第7期,民87年6月,頁15-83。
  3. 張南薰,,《台灣國際法季刊》,第二卷第四期,民94年12月,頁141-185。
  4. 張心悌,<從法律經濟分析觀點論WTO爭端解決機制>,《中正法學集刊》,第15期,2004年4月,頁181-230。
  5. Bryan, Anthony T., The Caribbean : new dynamics in trade and political economy, USA:North-South Center, 1995.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃偲佳(2010)。香蕉條紋病毒快速檢測方法之建立與臺灣香蕉種原條紋病之調查。臺灣大學植物病理與微生物學研究所學位論文。2010。1-68。 
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