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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 53 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2. 沈中華(2002),「金控公司的銀行與獨立銀行CAMEL 比較:1997-1998」,台灣金融財務季刊,第三及輯第二期,頁73-82。
  2. 8. 紀台英(2003),金融控股公司經營效率評估之研究-以本國上市(櫃)金控公司為例,中原大學管理研究所碩士論文。
  3. 18. 張錫介 (2004),金融控股公司法實施對台灣銀行業經營效率影響之分析,南華大學財務管理研究所碩士論文。
  4. 1. Allen N. Berger, David B. Humphrey, Lawrence B. Pulley, “Do consumers
  5. pay for one-stop banking? Evidence from an alternative revenue function”,
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 潘莉家(2013)。金控投信與非金控投信之績效比較。中興大學高階經理人碩士在職專班學位論文。2013。1-39。
  2. 陳逸駿(2013)。金控公司結構、行為對績效之影響。虎尾科技大學經營管理研究所在職專班學位論文。2013。1-78。
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