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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 94 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2. 孫路弘(1996),餐飲服務品質管理,觀光研究學報,第2卷,第1期,頁79-91。
  2. 7. 胡雪琴(2003),企業問題複雜度之探討及量化研究-以DEMATEL為分析工具,私立中原大學企業管理學系碩士論文。
  3. 8. 林宗明(2005),管理問題因果複雜度分析模式建立之研究-以DEMATEL為方法論,私立中原大學企業管理學系碩士論文。
  4. 9. 吳泓怡、張洧銘、周佳蓉(2006),應用決策實驗室分析法於運動休閒鞋消費者之購買決策關鍵評估因素分析,中華民國品質學會第42屆年會暨第12屆全國品質管理研討會。
  5. 18. 蔡長清、劉麗珉(2009),應用IPA模式評估航空客運之服務品質-以高雄飛航日本旅客爲例,商業現代化學刊第5卷,第2期。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳怡萱(2014)。應用PLS與DANP改善機場服務品質缺口之研究-以桃園機場為例。淡江大學運輸管理學系運輸科學碩士班學位論文。2014。1-139。 
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