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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 127 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蔡錫勲(2003)『日本企業の経営戦略―どうなる、日本企業!日の出か、日没か?』第1版、台北:致良出版社。
  2. 浜田尚夫(1996)『研究開発者入門』第1版、東京:ダイヤモンド社。
  3. 刑慕寰(1986)《台灣經濟成長與結構變動的進一步觀察-顧志耐教授遺著的延伸與推展》,初版,台北:中華經濟研究院。
  4. 林安樂(2001)《台灣總要素生產力變動分析》,初版,台北:中華經濟研究院。
  5. 吳惠林,傅祖壇(2002)《刑幕寰先生學術論文集<二>》,初版,台北:中華研究院經濟研究所。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 馮詠鈞(2010)。日本企業之人力資源策略分析~以松下與豐田為例~。淡江大學亞洲研究所碩士班學位論文。2010。1-85。 
  2. 朱思樺(2009)。技術進步與經濟成長-以台日製造業為例。淡江大學日本研究所碩士班學位論文。2009。1-99。 
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