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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 82 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王志誠(2002),〈WTO 規範下海峽兩岸新金融法秩序之展望〉,《中正大學法學集刊》,第九期
  2. 林江峰(2001),〈WTO/GATS 金融服務貿易自由化規範之研究─以日、韓金融體系自由化為例〉,《臺灣大學法學論叢》,第三十卷第二期,頁126。
  3. 尚郁慧(1996),本國一般銀行顧客滿意度與忠誠度關係之研究。
  4. 彭駿雄(1993),商業銀行行銷活動顧客滿意度之研究。
  5. 闕山晴(2002),顧客滿意度與忠誠度之研究-以西式速食業為例。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李玉屏(2010)。銀行業財富管理網站服務內容之研究。臺灣師範大學圖文傳播學系學位論文。2010。1-148。
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