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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 94 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江宛凌、陳慶福。2008。〈以塔羅牌為諮商媒介所引發低自尊當事人之重要事件與晤談感受初探研究〉《中華輔導與諮商學報》24期,頁107-145。
  2. 紀舜傑。2010。〈多層次因果分析論馬英九的外交思維〉《台灣國際研究季刊》6卷2期,頁147-163。
  3. 陳國華等譯。2004。《未來學導論—歷史、目的與知識》。Wendell Bell. Foundations of Futures Studies: History, Purposes, and Knowledge.台北市:學富。
  4. 陳永國譯。2005。《改變世界的觀念》,Fernandez- Armesto, Felipe. Ideas That Changed The World.台北市:聯經。
  5. 張建邦、林志鴻。1996。《未來學Introduction to futures studies》。台北縣:淑華出版。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林彥妤(2016)。希臘神話之塔羅牌設計創作。中原大學商業設計研究所學位論文。2016。1-84。 
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