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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 84 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳文經(2008)。《品牌社群參與行為之研究-以台灣自發性攝影品牌虛擬社群為例》。元智大學資訊管理學系碩士論文。
  2. 湯夢蝶(2010)。《數位原生世代未來學習圖像探索》。淡江大學未來學研究所碩士論文。
  3. Armstrong, Arthur and John Ⅲ Hagel. (1996). The Real Value of On-line Communities. Harvard Business Review, 74(3): 134-141.
  4. _____. (1997). Net Gain: Expanding Markets through Virtual Communities. The McKinsey Quarterly, 140-154.
  5. Balasubramanian, S. and Mahajan, V.(2001). The Economic Leverage of the Virtual Community. International Journal of Electronic Commer, 5(3), Spring, 103-138.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳淳萁(2012)。從聊天到「牽手」:探討網路愛情觀與婚姻觀。淡江大學未來學研究所碩士班學位論文。2012。1-98。 
  2. 張惠茹(2015)。旅遊虛擬社群參與者資訊分享及使用行為。中興大學圖書資訊學研究所學位論文。2015。1-135。 
  3. 許益誠(2012)。社群網站病毒行銷之研究─ 以Facebook粉絲專頁為例。臺北科技大學管理學院工業工程與管理EMBA專班學位論文。2012。1-91。 
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