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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 75 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁誌魰、曾富敏 (2005),「以向量自我迴歸模式探討臺灣股價、成交量、融資融券與法人進出之關聯性」,真理財經學報,第十三期,頁43-74。
  2. 姚蕙芸、梁志民 (2005),「空頭與多頭走勢期間台股股價與相關因素因果關係探討-以2000及2003為例」,企業管理學報,第六十六期,頁1-39。
  3. 洪榮華、雷雅淇 (2002),「公司規模、股價、本益比、淨值市價比與股票報酬率關係」,管理評論,第二十一卷,第三期,頁25-48。
  4. 高蘭芬 (2002),「董監持股權質押之代理問題對會計資訊對公司績效之影響」,成功大學會計學系博士論文。
  5. 莊嘉建、呂佩蓉,(2008),「股權結構、關係人交易與公司財務績效關聯性之研究」,蘭陽學報七期,頁86-94。
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